Vehicle to Vehicle Communication: Paving the way

What is Vehicle to Vehicle Communication?

Vehicle to vehicle OR V2V Communication is primarily an innovation in technology. It allows the two vehicles to communicate with each other. It is also being called as ‘V2X’. With the help of this technology, a vehicle can connect to the other nearby vehicles (with in some range) and supporting infrastructure.

V2V communication technology majorly increased the vehicle safety system performance. There were 5.8 million police-reported motor vehicle crashes in the year 2017, and the number of fatalities from police-reported motor vehicle crashes remains the same. Connected vehicle technologies will provide the drivers with the tools they need to forestall potential crashes and significantly reduces the number of lives lost each year.

What is the use of V2V systems?

The majority of the road accidents took place due to the following vehicle does not clearly understand the actions of the vehicle ahead. Hence in emergency, the driver of the following vehicle fails to take an action that is balancing to the one taken by the front vehicle.

Thus, to avoid the accidents, if the vehicle that is traveling ahead is able to clearly communicate its actions to the following vehicle. To attain this purpose, automotive engineers developed the vehicle to vehicle OR V2V communication system.

How the V2V systems work?

For any Vehicle to Vehicle/V2V Communication system, there are two key factors, that need to be focused-

  • communicating vehicle(s)
  • Infrastructure for the communication to take place

The actual communication takes place with the help of ‘Dedicated Short-Range Communication (DSRC)’ wireless communication devices. As per the regulation this device can work in the 5.9GHz band with a bandwidth of 75MHz which it separately assigned for the vehicular communication only. The approximate range of these devices is 1000m. DSRC devices communicate not only with the other vehicles but also with the road infrastructure. It includes road signals or informative nodes installed by the roadside.

What will be the future of V2V systems?

In the current scenario, the development of the first generation of V2V systems is on-going. The limitation of its functioning is only giving a warning to the driver. However, these systems are majorly unable to take any corrective action on the input given by the driver.

Furthermore, the second generation of Vehicle to Vehicle systems would be able to take control of the vehicle in danger and provide the corrective action. Hence, these systems would ultimately merge with the autonomous driving technology.

The rapid advancement of vehicle technology is dramatically changing the way of transportation models across the globe. From early stage consumer infotainment features, to ride sharing and on-demand mobility services, to fully autonomous vehicles in the future, connectivity in the car has been the driving force behind recent automotive technology advancements. Due to which, vehicles have transformed into much more than just a way to get from one place to another, but allowances of consumer digital lifestyles and a catalyst for significant change in the way society will experience future mobility.

– Srujan
ICT Market Research Analyst
Infoholic Research