Environment Pollution – A Serious Threat for Asian Countries

July, 2019

Environment pollution is becoming a major problem for many Asian countries. Inadequate government policies, burgeoning cities, growing manufacturing sector, and increase in population are becoming major hindrances for many Asian countries to curb environment pollution.

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Due to huge rate of industrialization, China is facing severe issues of air and water pollution. China is facing water shortage due to which the government is initiating several policies and regulations such as Water Ten Law and Water Pollution Prevention and Control Law. However, the inability to impose the regulations in water-scarce region has added up the struggles of China.


Pollution is a serious problem faced by India especially in cities like Bengaluru, New Delhi, and Mumbai. Waste burning and dust due to construction activities account for a major share of the pollution in the country. The government has initiated several policies to check pollution including the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP). However, NCAP needs legal mandate and ground-level implementation which is yet to happen.


Air pollution in Jakarta has become a severe issue and a group of residents have sued the president and government officials for not taking proper action. One of the major causes of pollution in the region is coal-fired plants apart from emission from vehicles.


Environmental pollution has led to more than one lakh deaths in Bangladesh in 2017. Bangladesh is one of the worst affected countries in the world in terms of pollution and the country spends millions of dollars every year for treatment and time costs of illness due to pollution.

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Above mentioned countries account for a major part of the pollution in Asia. Pollution is a severe problem in other countries of Asia as well but due to the growing population density in these cities, an immediate action for environment monitoring is very necessary. It is creating a damaging impact on agricultural yield in these countries. Asian countries need existing laws to be more stringent and more region-specific laws and regulations to control pollution.

– Arjun Das
ICT – Research Analyst
Infoholic Research