Modern day technology makes it possible to improve quality as well as control construction. It invariably reduce the required raw materials and time for installation of roads and bridges. Smart roads and bridges improve the overall quality of bridges and roads to dramatically alter the cost and time needed. It enables real time testing of all foundation elements using smart sensors which can assess the state of repair of roads and bridges and can communicate it to manufacturers which helps to facilitate the planning of repair activities. This also helps to deal with infrastructure failures and unplanned repair schedule.
Concept of smart roads and bridges are gaining thorough acceptance by multiple countries in improving the connectivity. Infoholic Research, a global market research and consulting firm, states: “Worldwide Smart Roads and Bridges Market” is expected to reach $ 2,660.0 million by 2022, growing at a CAGR of 24.1% during the forecast period 2016–2022.
Key trends in successful adoption of smart roads and bridges:
Trend #1: Smart traffic management
Monitoring traffic in real-time, using advanced sensors, help to detect accidents and automatically alarm managers to take required actions. It offers real-time data processing which intern helps to make real time data knowledge based decision resulting in lesser congestion and even prevents accident.
Trend #2: Monitoring structures using sensors
Devices step up in the structures, continually monitor and provides real-time data regarding the condition of roads and bridges and helps to maintain the quality of the infrastructure by precisely predicting maintenance issues and provide information for scheduled repairs. Also monitoring data at real time enables faster detection and reduces response time to deal with significant events like accident and natural disasters.
Trend #3: Environmental analytical sensors
The sensors record present environmental conditions and provides predictions of the future environmental situations. Data collected from the sensor is used for avoid accidents that may occur due to extreme environmental conditions. Predictive testing and preventive maintenance can reduce overall maintenance and repair which otherwise leads to more and more pollution.
Trend #4: Smart lighting sensors
The sensors continually monitor the lighting system which help installing efficient lighting at all times on highways and bridges, even in extreme circumstances using solar and other technologies. Know more on smart street lighting.
Trend #5: The transition to smart roads
Smart roads will help reduce congestion, improve transit systems and minimize driving time. reduce accidents and improve overall road safety. Smart roads implement quality control standards during construction and reduce the raw materials and time required for installation of new structures.
Trend #6: Inter connection between smart roads and the internet of things
The inter connection will create newer networks of data and will help to monitor from multiple sources which will help to improve security and safety systems. It will also provide scope to develop car-to-car interaction and real-time monitoring system. This certainly can reduce disasters by monitoring and detect structural problems in real time. It also provides the ability to easily and inexpensively monitor the structure post construction.
Increasing number of vehicle, ever growing traffic congestion, unpredictable hazards caused by natural calamities are the main reasons for development of digital infrastructure. The increase in the road accidents has forced many governments to adopt smart roads and bridges. They also help to monitor the quality of construction and provide data which optimizes driving and road space.